What do you know about soil?
MISSION AREA : SOIL HEALTH AND FOOD
Healthy soils are essential for our life and that of future generations. Soils form the skin of the earth and are fundamental for all life-sustaining processes on our planet.
Partly inspired by the Apollo 11 mission to put a man on the moon, European research and innovation missions aim to deliver solutions to some of the greatest challenges facing our world. They are an integral part of Horizon Europe, the next EU research and innovation programme (2021-2027).
A mission in the area of soil health and food will mobilise resources and people (e.g. researchers, land managers, public authorities, business and citizens) to engage in activities for soil restoration, as this is the basis for healthy people and a healthy planet.
And you? What do you know about soils? Let’s play together!
Answer the form
Soils form the skin of the earth are essential for all life-sustaining processes on our planet. What are their physical components?
- A - organic matter, air, water, mineral matter
- B - organic matter and mineral matter
- C - air, water and organic matter
What are the vital functions performed by healthy soils?
- A - Provision of food, fibre, wood and other materials
- B - purifying water, preventing floods and droughts
- C - hosting biodiversity
- D - recycling nutrients essential to our ecosystems
- E - storing carbon
- F - all the functions mentioned above
How many living organisms (microorganisms) can you find in a handful of soil?
- A - There is none
- B - More than 10 billion
- C - Between 5000 and 10000. It depends on the type of soil.
Can healthy soils help to mitigate climate change?
- A - No, they have no impact on climate
- B - We don’t know, more research is needed to understand the relationship between soil and climate
- C - Yes, they can capture carbon and therefore reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere
What percentage of our food comes directly or indirectly from the soil?
- A - Less than 50%
- B - Almost 70%
- C - More than 95%
Sustainable soil management can increase agricultural crop yields by
- A - 30%
- B - 53%
- C - 58%
How long does it take to create one cm of fertile soil on average?
- A - Hundreds to thousands of years
- B - A few months
- C - 50 - 100 years
Globally, what is the percentage of degraded soils and therefore no longer available for food production?
- A - 33%
- B - 50%
- C - 12%
Erosion of soils caused by water is one of the most common forms of soil degradation in Europe. What percentage of the total area of Europe (excluding the Russian Federation) is affected by this phenomenon?
- A - About 33%
- B - About 16%
- C - About 25%
When is World Soil Day celebrated?
- A - 4 January
- B - 6 June
- C - 5 December